throne of David—(1Ki 8:25; Ps 2:6; 132:11; Jer 3:17, 18 Eze 34:23-26; 37:16, 22; Lu 1:32, 33; Ac 2:30). We may remark here: (1) That if Yahweh feels so intense a desire for this, then the subjects of the Messiah's reign should also feel this. Frst has given the correct explanation in his Lehrgebude der Aram. For the increase of the government, and for peace with no end. Isaiah 7:1-25 The Immanuel Prophecy. Son: his maleness and dignity in the royal line. But the zeal of Jehovah was the guarantee of its realization. Rather, he will be the final king, the king to end all kings.”[49], Childs writes: The description of his reign makes it absolutely clear that his role is messianic.”[50], On Bible Hub, Ellicott comments: “The ‘throne of David,’ though in harmony with the whole body of prophetic tradition as to the Messiah, may be noted as the first appearance of that tradition in Isaiah.”[51], The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges says, “On the throne and kingdom of David. . the burning of the weapons of Gog’s host in Ezekiel 39:9 f.”[20], Roberts understands the victory to be over the Assyrians: “The last vestiges of the frightening enemy will be gone; Assyrian battle sandals and blood-splattered cloaks left behind in the imminent Assyrian retreat will be burned as fuel for the fire.”[21]. Read Isaiah 9 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). I.A.1.A. They had been wandering in the ‘valley of the shadow of death’ (the phrase comes from Psalm 23:4; Job 3:5), almost as in the gloom of Sheol itself. Parkhurst, Jr. Isaiah 9:7 Context. Study the bible online using commentary on Isaiah 9 and more! He uses the lesser to include the greater and in so doing insures inclusion of the total. ch. He is a peaceful king, one who comes in peace and one who establishes peace, not by a brutal squashing of all defiance, but by means of a transparent vulnerability which makes defiance pointless.”[47]. – What is the meaning of the name, “Prince of Peace”? (New American Commentary: Isaiah 1-39) It lies in the coming of a person, thus fitting biblical thought throughout.”[26]. In each case, I will look first at online commentaries, and then at more recent commentaries. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. Roberts writes: “‘Prince of peace’ points to the security and peace that this king’s reign will bring. We may compare, with Guthe and others, the high-sounding titles assumed by Egyptian and Babylonian monarchs in their inscriptions, such as, “Giver of Life in perpetuity,” “Ever Living,” “Lord of Life,” “Lord of Eternity and Infinity” &c.”[34], Roberts sees evidence of an Egyptian background in this part of the verse as well as in the first part. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this. The connection, however, seems to confine it to time, and to mean simply that over his wide-extended and peaceful principality he should reign forever. With the very same words, "the zeal of Jehovah of hosts," etc., Isaiah seals the promise in Isaiah 37:32. This was in accordance with the promise made to David; 1 Kings 8:25; 2 Samuel 7:12-13; Psalm 132:11. Here it means to confirm it, to cause it to stand. 5 For every battle of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire. Isaiah 10:21 (cf. Isaiah 9.7: His Government and Peace (pt 2) 38 Views. The fire of love has for its obverse the fire of wrath. How does God honor it or glorify it? The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges comments: “The everlasting Father] lit. Surely, it is for two reasons. "No other writer uses this expression." And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. It is because Jehovah loves the daughter of Zion with an absorbing love that He purposes such great things for her future, and that what He purposes will be assuredly performed. (l) His singular love and care for his elect. It is because Jehovah loves the daughter of Zion with an absorbing love that He purposes such great things for her future, and that what He purposes will be assuredly performed. Ed. "Zeal," or jealousy, kin'âh, lit., glowing fire, from קנּא, Arab. Isaiah 10:1-19 Arrogant Assyria is Judged. Scripture: Isaiah 9:7. Of the increase ... - The word rendered "government" here, ׂ mis'râh , means properly his government as a prince - his principality, and is a continuation of the idea in the previous verse, ' the Prince of Peace. Copyright © 2021 Timothy J. Zeal and jealousy are two sides of the same concept. It may be compared to the Egyptian ‘goodly in years,’ or ‘living forever and ever.’”[43], According to Oswalt, “This person’s fatherhood is claimed to be forever. That picture, as it were, dissolves, and another takes its place. The ‘yoke’ is that of sin, the ‘oppressor’ is that prince of darkness, who had well-nigh brought all mankind under his dominion when Christ came.”[14]. Such a claim cannot be ignored. The zeal of the LORD Almighty will accomplish this." ↑, Dillard, Raymond B. These prophesy are fulfilled directly by the birth, life, crucifixion, resurrection and ascension of Jesus. This verse supplies the answer. ↑, Carson, D. A. Commentary on Isaiah 9:7; 11:1-8 [including Isaiah 9:2, 6] By L.G. – Why does this verse emphasize that “a child is born to us” and “a son is given to us”? But the main idea of resemblance is, that the reign of each extended over the people of God. The New International Commentary on the Old Testament. 9 begins here.”[7], Regarding all of Isaiah 9:2-7, Childs writes: “[Albrecht] Alt argued that the form and style revealed an authentic Isaianic succession oracle for the crowning of Hezekiah as king.”[8]. Isaiah 10:20-34 The Returning Remnant of Israel. Faith in the Face of Apostasy: The Gospel according to Elijah & Elisha. It is also implied that nothing else than the zeal of Yahweh could do it. -Why the change from prose to poetry in this verse? Isaiah 9:1-7 – Step Three – Closer Study of Content, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-1.htm, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-2.htm, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-4.htm, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-5.htm, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-6.htm, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-7.htm. This new epoch of Davidic sovereignty was still only a matter of faith and hope. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. This king will have God’s true might about him, power so great that it can absorb all the evil which can be hurled at it until none is left to hurl (53:2–10; 59:15–20; 63:1–9).[41]. (2) If Yahweh feels this zeal, and if he will certainly accomplish this, then Christians should be encouraged in their efforts to spread the gospel. However, he cautions against seeing the promised liberation as being either exclusively spiritual or exclusively political: “Two extremes are to be avoided here. – What is the meaning of the name, “Wonderful Counselor”? Henceforth even for ever.—The words admit, as in the parallels of Psalm 21:4; Psalm 61:6-7; 2Samuel 7:12-16, of being interpreted of the perpetuity of the dynasty of which the anointed king is to be the founder; but the “Everlasting Father “of the context, and the parallels of Psalm 45:6; Psalm 110:4, are in favour of its referring to a personal immortality of sovereignty. In a word, it is the self-vindication of scornful love. She that was afflicted, the whole land of Israel, should have no more affliction. – Why is it said that “the zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this”? He was chosen for this purpose from humble life; was declared in his administration to be a man after God's own heart; and his long and prosperous reign was a reign over the people of God. 'It means that his reign as a prince of peace - in extending and promoting peace, shall be unlimited. And to establish it - To place it on a firm foundation; to make it firm. I. It is part of that grace that the source of the light will be in the very part of the land which first felt the lash of Assyria—the area around the Sea of Galilee.”[5], According to Childs, “Verse 23 [English 9:1] serves as a type of superscription to the oracle that follows, and anticipates both the humiliation and exaltation of the land by the use of the perfect form of the verbs.”[6]. First, it emphasized that … the divine ruler will not merely be God, but although partaking of the divine attributes, will have the most human of all arrivals upon the earth, namely, birth. Being in great distress and confusion, the Jews gave up all for lost. But His love flares up, consumes all that is adverse, and gives to His people the true King, in whom that which was only foreshadowed in David and Solomon reaches its highest antitypical fulfilment. Jehovah loves His nation. – What is the meaning of the name, “Everlasting Father”? Nevertheless the gloom will not be upon her who is distressed,As when at first He lightly esteemedThe land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali,And afterward more heavily oppressed her,By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan,In Galilee of the Gentiles.The people who walked in darknessHave seen a great light;Those who dwelt in the land of the shadow of death,Upon them a light has shined.a. Isaiah 9:8 The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted upon Israel. The word, also, is sometimes used to denote to found a kingdom. The other extreme is the way of certain forms of liberation theology that seem to suggest that the only sin is the sin of political oppression, and that Christ’s only purpose in coming was to give human beings political freedom. kanaa, to be deep red (Deuteronomy 4:24), is one of the deepest of the Old Testament ideas, and one of the most fruitful in relation to the work of reconciliation. and that his reign will be far-extended and prosperous. The Gospel according to the Old Testament. I.A.1. All rights reserved. .—As in Greek so in Hebrew, we have the same root-word and root-idea for “zeal” and “jealousy,” and here, perhaps, the latter thought is dominant. The Gagging of God: Christianity Confronts Pluralism. 80. But now we will review what further light they may shed on this text. And peace - This does not signify in the original, as our translation would seem to do, that there should be no end to the increase of his peace, but that there should be no limit to peace, that is, that his reign should be one of unlimited peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end. 7. Isaiah 9:7 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Isaiah 9:7, NIV: "Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end. By the mere fact of the King’s birth.”[25], Oswalt sees verses 2-6 as building on one another: “There is joy because God has delivered from oppression, and he does that because he has brought an end to war. ↑, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-7.htm, accessed 10/8/19. “As in Greek so in Hebrew, we have the same root-word and root-idea for ‘zeal’ and ‘jealousy,’ and here, perhaps, the latter thought is dominant. . ↑, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-2.htm, accessed 10/4/19. 147. Video Isaiah 9:8-10:4 ; Ultimate Judgment: When presenting the gospel, we must not only teach that God's love extends to all people, but that His judgment will ultimately come when His offer of salvation is rejected. Deuteronomy 10:17; Jeremiah 32:18). The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges comments: “The mighty God] (’êl Gibbôr) either “God-like Hero” or Hero-God. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2011. Brown. Government was regarded as a burden, to be born on the back or shoulders, and was sometimes symbolized by a key laid upon the shoulder (Isaiah 22:22).”[32], Motyer writes: “His people’s shoulders (4) are delivered when his shoulders accept the burden of rule.”[33]. That is, from the time which was the period of the prophet's vision, when he saw in vision the Messiah rising in the dark parts of Galilee; Notes, Isaiah 9:1-2. What sort of king is this? ↑, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-5.htm, accessed 10/4/19. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end; The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this; For the increase of authority and for peace without end, the zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 9:1-7 The Syrians and Assyrians first ravaged the countries here mentioned, and that region was first favoured by the preaching of Christ. … ‘Father of Eternity’ describes the king, not as ‘possessor of the attribute of eternity’ but as one who continually acts as a father to his people.”[42], Roberts writes: “‘Everlasting father’ points to a long reign for the king as the father and protector of his people. According to the Pulpit Commentary (Bible Hub): “The coming of the Messiah sets the Israelites free, removes the yoke from off their neck, breaks the rod wherewith their shoulders were beaten, delivers them from bondage into the ‘glorious liberty of the children of God.’ Not, however, in an earthly sense, since the Messiah’s kingdom was not of this world. Instead of depopulation and dwindling away (7:20–23), the nation swells and grows (49:19–23)….”[13]. The accentuation is likely to mislead here, inasmuch as it makes it appear as though the words "from henceforth even for ever" (me‛attâh v‛ad ōlâm) belonged to the closing sentence, whereas the eternal perspective which they open applies directly to the reign of the great Son of David, and only indirectly to the work of the divine jealousy. . For an instance of the opposite, see Nehemiah 2:13, פרוצים הם, on which passage the Midrash observes, "The broken walls of Jerusalem will be closed in the day of salvation, and the government which has been closed up to the time of the King Messiah will be opened then.")). (Comp. Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end. – How is this verse connected with verses 2-5? God is strong enough to overcome his enemies by becoming vulnerable, transparent, and humble—the only hope, in fact, for turning enmity into friendship.”[30], Motyer writes: “The emphasis rests not on to us but on a child is born. Ed. Related Videos. If Christ is your Saviour he must be your King. Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. It is either the royal bombast typical of the ancient Near East, which is, in fact, atypical for Israel, or it is a serious statement of a sort of fatherhood which will endure forever.”[44]. These selected prophecies are only a few of the over 350 prophecies about Jesus Christ, our Lord. But when the gospel comes to … Ezekiel 5:13. The Pulpit Commentary comments: “The word translated “government” (misrah) occurs only here and in ver. It does not mean particularly the Jews, but all those over whom the divine administration should be set up. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001. If even the boots and cloaks are being burned, we may be sure the weapons are disposed of, and even more surely, those who wielded them.”[22]. Born of human parentage but also given by the Lord.”[31]. 4 For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian. Commentary on Isaiah 9:8-21 (Read Isaiah 9:8-21) Those are ripening apace for ruin, whose hearts are unhumbled under humbling providences. D. A. Carson writes of the connection between to coming of Yahweh to save and the coming of a descendant of David: “The prophets tend to envisage the coming eschatological hope in one of two ways: either Yahweh himself is coming to save his people, or he is sending his servant David. ↑, Childs, Brevard S. Isaiah: A Commentary. Isaiah 9:2-7 has been chosen for Christmas Eve because of its the theme of light shining in the darkness (v. 2) and its reference to a child “born for us” who will usher in justice and righteousness “from this time forward and for evermore” (v. 7). See our Privacy Policy for more information. zeal, &c.—including not only Christ's hidden spiritual victory over Satan at the first coming, but the open one accompanied with "judgments" on Antichrist and every enemy at the second coming (Isa 59:17; Ps 9:6-8). The zeal - The word used here denotes "ardor," intense desire in accomplishing an object; and means that the establishment of this kingdom was an object of intense and ardent desire on the part of Yahweh. It will only happen because of God’s passionate involvement with his people. Oswalt also sees this deliverance in connection with the coming of the Messiah. Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 1999. They center around the birth, life and eternal reign of Christ Jesus. [39], Roberts give the following meaning: “‘Mighty God’ (cf. ↑. In his commentary (on Bible Hub), Ellicott writes, “The victory is decisive, and the reign of peace begins, and the weapons of war, the garments red with blood (Isaiah 63:1-3), the heavy boot that makes the earth ring with the warrior’s tread, these shall all be burnt up.”[19], The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges comments: “The idea of the verse is that after Jehovah’s great victory every vestige of war shall be burned up in preparation for the kingdom of universal peace. The refrain ties Is 9:7–20 together as a unit, but 9:20 is far too abrupt to be the original conclusion to the oracle. “Everlasting” shows that the Messiah will guard and sustain His people forever; He will be a Father in this sense even in eternity. On Bible Hub, Ellicott makes the following observation: “The words throw us back upon Isaiah 8:21-22. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries. Tremper Longman III and J. Alan Groves. (Note: We have already observed at p. 101, that this substantive formation had not a purely abstract meaning even at the first. Neither extreme is adequate in itself. Ed. 2. Review other relevant literature that sheds light on the text. Roberts writes: “‘Wonderful counselor’ stresses the new king’s wisdom in counsel and may be compared to such Egyptian crown names as ‘ready in plans,’ ‘establisher of laws,’ and ‘great in marvels.’”[37], Oswalt comments: “The Coming One would give wondrous counsel, unfailing in the depth of its wisdom. ↑, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-6.htm, accessed 10/5/19. Especially in Isaiah 9:1–7 and Ezekiel 34, Yahweh and “David” are inextricably linked.”[56], https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-1.htm, accessed 10/4/19. It is two-sided. 20. Idiome, 130.). Commentary on Isaiah 7:1-9 (Read Isaiah 7:1-9) Ungodly men are often punished by others as bad as themselves. And peace there shall be no end; this respects both the increase and perpetuity of the peace of Christ's kingdom. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this. – What is the meaning of the reference to “the day of Midian”? … The Messiah lifts the yoke of sin in order to lift the yoke of oppression. He will reign on David's throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. Introduction. He is a semper Augustus, i.e., a perpetual increaser of the kingdom; not by war, however, but with the spiritual weapons of peace. 32:17). Isaiah, A Brief Commentary Related Media. With its series of past judgments and repeated refrain, the oracle resembles Am 4:6 – 12 ; by analogy with that model one expects a conclusion in which the prophet turns from the narration of past judgments to the announcement of a future judgment. Regarding the reference to a child being born, he comments: “If a crown prince’s birth is not in view, then what is the meaning of the emphasis upon this person as a child? On Bible Hub, Ellicott says: “The context shows that the ‘sea’ is that which appears in Bible history under the names of the sea of Chinnereth (Numbers 34:11; Deuteronomy 3:17), the Sea of Galilee, the Sea of Tiberias (John 6:1), Gennesaret (Mark 6:53).” The Pulpit Commentary agrees with this. Isaiah 9:8-21 The Punishment of Israel. He understands the entire text as a Messianic prophecy, pointing forward to Jesus Christ. 20:10. The leaders of the people misled them. Raymond Dillard, in his book, Faith in the Face of Apostasy: The Gospel according to Elijah & Elisha, says the name of the king traditionally translated “Mighty God,” could also be translated, “the Warrior God.” Dillard writes, “This captain of the heavenly armies, this warrior God, is the one who has fought our battles for us.”[55]. (Isaiah 9 Commentary) Clendenen notes that "Father is a relatively rare way of describing God in the Hebrew Bible (Dt 32:6; Jer 3:4,19; Isa 63:16; 64:7; Mal 2:10) and a rarer way of describing a king (1Sa 24:12), though the Israelites are frequently called God’s sons (Ex 4:22, 23). For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. What is … His purpose to do this is their only encouragement - and a sufficient encouragement - to excite their zeal in this great and glorious work. To sit upon the throne of David, therefore, means to reign over the people of God; and in this sense the Messiah sat on his throne. The second is to be preferred, because the title is applied to Jehovah in ch. Isaiah 9:7 NIV - Of the greatness of his government and - Bible Gateway Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end. The historical context of Isaiah 9… The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this. p. 387. Peter Machinist. )”[53], “By this statement Isaiah acknowledges that the picture he has painted will not be realized in the ordinary course of affairs. This promise was understood as referring to the Messiah. Upon the throne of David - See the note at Acts 2:30. A Vision. [35], Oswalt rejects this idea, saying that “such extravagant titling was not normal for Israelite kings.” In his view, such naming “is an expression of a belief that the one who would be born to rule over Israel in justice and righteousness would be possessed of divine attributes.”[36]. – Why the reference here to deliverance from oppressive slavery? 3, 4, 5), each introduced by kî (“because,” “for”): the yoke of slavery has been broken, the weapons of battle removed, and a miraculous child has been born to rule.”[10], “Darkness is used here as a metaphor for political oppression and injustice, and light is the contrasting metaphor for political release from such oppression. It is probably to be connected with sar, “prince,” and Israel. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. The Old Testament Library. – What is the meaning of the statement, “and the government will be on his shoulder”? Of the increase of His government and peace There will be no end, Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom, To order it and establish it with judgment and justice From that time forward, even forever. [I have added a commentary on Isaiah 9:2, 6 to give you a better context for your study.] Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2015. The prophet must teach them to despise their enemies, in faith and dependence on God. When it is said that he would sit upon the throne of David, it is not to be taken literally. Isaiah: An Introduction and Commentary. 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Or spam folder to confirm it should have no more affliction Read Isaiah 9:8-21 ( Read 7:1-9... Peace ” it firm also implied that nothing else than the zeal of the Messiah succeeds to ;! The same concept and context of Isaiah 9:1-7 Wonderful Counselor, Mighty,... Isaiah ’ s affections. ” [ 31 ] the security and peace ( pt 2 ) 38 views of! In that person ’ s passionate involvement with his people and is doubtless as. With the content and context of Isaiah, a Brief Commentary Related Media 7:1-9 Read. At more recent commentaries 243 and Roberts, J. J. M. first:... Is the meaning of the Lord ’ s throne and is doubtless conceived his... Lesson Commentary be unlimited, 149 in great distress and confusion, the nation swells and grows ( )... Which is to be forever, will be preserved into the eternal.!, crucifixion, resurrection and ascension of Jesus government will be called,. Christ Jesus … Isaiah, a Brief Commentary Related Media Commentary Related Media, קנּא. 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Will perform Isaiah used this expression here, and for peace with no end s reign bring.

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