Major winter storm slams eastern US as power outages persist in Texas, southern states. [10] Most of the state falls in the humid subtropical climate zone; however, the western, mountainous part of the state has a subtropical highland climate. Several U.S. House of Representatives seats flipped control in 2012, with the Republicans holding nine seats to the Democrats' four. It ranked forty-first out of fifty states plus the District of Columbia for median household income. The number of Roman Catholics and Jews in the state has increased, as well as general religious diversity. Wiki Article Historical Demography of the United States. [101], Using 2016–2018 data, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation calculated that life expectancy for North Carolina counties, ranging from 73.2 years in Robeson County to 82.1 years in Orange County. Charlotte is also home to North Carolina's only light rail system known as the Lynx. The state's racial composition in the 2010 Census:[72]. The North Carolina Superintendent of Public Instruction is the secretary of the North Carolina State Board of Education, but the board, rather than the superintendent, holds most of the legal authority for making public education policy. [51] It consists of gently rolling countryside frequently broken by hills or low mountain ridges. [129] James Taylor grew up around Chapel Hill, and his 1968 song "Carolina in My Mind" has been called an unofficial anthem for the state. [76] North Carolina is also home to a spectrum of different dialects of Southern American English and Appalachian English. North Carolina Republicans won 10 of the 13 seats in 2016, when Democrats got 47 percent of the statewide vote. Life expectancy for both sexes in the state was 78.0 years, compared to 78.7 years for the U.S. as a whole. [79][80][81] Black Baptists developed their own state and national associations, such as the National Baptist Convention USA, Inc..[80], While Baptists have maintained the majority Protestant denomination in this part of the country (known as the Bible Belt), a wide variety of faiths are practiced by other residents in the state, including: Judaism, Islam, Baháʼí, Buddhism, and Hinduism. The Wells Fargo Championship is a regular stop on the PGA Tour and is held at Quail Hollow Club in Charlotte, and Quail Hollow has also played host to the PGA Championship. North Carolina has a variety of shopping choices. Roanoke Island in the northeast, a part of the heavily indented and island-fringed coast, was the site of the famous “lost colony” that vanished sometime after the original landing in 1587. Most of the free colored families formed in North Carolina before the Revolution were descended from unions or marriages between free white women and enslaved or free African or African-American men. As early as 1650, settlers from the Virginia colony moved into the area of Albemarle Sound. Besides slaves, there were a number of free people of color in the state. On November 21, 1789, North Carolina became the twelfth state to ratify the Constitution. Despite its name, the hot sauce Texas Pete was created in North Carolina; its headquarters are also in Winston-Salem. Opens, and one U.S. Women's Open. North Carolina 72, Miami 68. Numerous slaves would also escape to Union lines, where they became essentially free. For many years, North Carolinians proudly boasted that they had been "First at Bethel, Farthest at Gettysburg and Chickamauga, and Last at Appomattox". The Patriots' victory there guaranteed American independence. In 1788 Raleigh was chosen as the site of the new capital, as its central location protected it from coastal attacks. By 1663, King Charles II of England granted a charter to start a new colony on the North American continent; it generally established North Carolina's borders. In 2013 Charlotte Douglas International Airport, which serves as the second busiest hub for American Airlines, ranked as the 23rd busiest airport in the world.[104]. In some cases the war was also an excuse to settle private grudges and rivalries. [112] North Carolina Schools were segregated until the Brown v. Board of Education trial and the release of the Pearsall Plan. Charlotte is the most-visited city in the state, attracting 28.3 million visitors in 2018. The nonprofit arts and culture industry generates $1.2 billion in direct economic activity in North Carolina, supporting more than 43,600 full-time equivalent jobs and generating $119 million in revenue for local governments and the state of North Carolina. North Carolina’s beginnings were tied closely to the earliest attempts at English colonization of North America. The state also has a special history with the Moravian Church, as settlers of this faith (largely of German origin) settled in the Winston-Salem area in the 18th and 19th centuries. After secession, some North Carolinians refused to support the Confederacy. In the Wilmington Insurrection of 1898, more than 1,500 white men attacked the black newspaper and neighborhood, killed numerous men, and ran off the white Republican mayor and aldermen. The Yadkin Valley in particular has become a strengthening market for grape production, while Asheville recently won the recognition of being named "Beer City USA". Every year the Appalachian Mountains attract several million tourists to the western part of the state, including the historic Biltmore Estate. In 2012, the state elected a Republican governor (Pat McCrory) and lieutenant governor (Dan Forest) for the first time in more than two decades, while also giving the Republicans veto-proof majorities in both the State House of Representatives and the State Senate. [94][95] In the three most recent USDA surveys (2002, 2007, 2012), North Carolina also ranked second in the production of Christmas trees. Additionally, the state has hosted the NCAA Men's Basketball Final Four on two occasions, in Greensboro in 1974 and in Charlotte in 1994. The American victory at Kings Mountain gave the advantage to colonists who favored American independence, and it prevented the British Army from recruiting new soldiers from the Tories. [114] Along with its public universities, North Carolina has 58 public community colleges in its community college system. Duren, Carolyn & Khawaja, Armughan. The Tidewater in eastern North Carolina was settled chiefly by immigrants from rural England and the Scottish Highlands. North Carolina boasts a large number of noteworthy jazz musicians, some among the most important in the history of the genre. Lefler, Hugh (numerous editions since 1934). 5 among the 51 largest metro areas in the country where technology is booming. In the first half of the 20th century, many African Americans left the state to go North for better opportunities, in the Great Migration. 12–13. In 1584, Elizabeth I granted a charter to Sir Walter Raleigh, for whom the state capital is named, for land in present-day North Carolina (then part of the territory of Virginia). [55] Of the 17 basins, 11 originate within the state of North Carolina, but only four are contained entirely within the state's border—the Cape Fear, the Neuse, the White Oak, and the Tar–Pamlico basin. [citation needed], Tobacco was one of the first major industries to develop after the Civil War. Hip-hop artists DaBaby and J. Cole hail from North Carolina. In 1710, owing to disputes over governance, the Carolina colony began to split into North Carolina and South Carolina. Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. [16] According to the historian Russell Thornton, "The 1738 epidemic was said to have killed one-half of the Cherokee, with other tribes of the area suffering equally. A Republican Party coalition of black freedmen, northern carpetbaggers and local scalawags controlled state government for three years. Today it is the second-largest tobacco company in the U.S. (behind Altria Group). Seagrove, in the central portion of the state, attracts many tourists along Pottery Highway (NC Hwy 705). Americas. North Carolina had the fourteenth highest poverty rate in the nation at 17.6%. By 2008, demographic shifts, population growth, and increased liberalization in densely populated areas such as the Research Triangle, Charlotte, Greensboro, Winston-Salem, Fayetteville, and Asheville, propelled Barack Obama to victory in North Carolina, the first Democrat to win the state since 1976. At North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, we deliver a high-quality, intellectually stimulating education focused on helping every student gain access to the hands-on opportunities, core knowledge and global perspective that will help them make lasting change in their lives and the lives of people in their workplaces, communities and world. It was not until 1992 that another African American was elected as a U.S. Representative from North Carolina. 2. North Carolina offers fall colors, freshwater and saltwater fishing, hunting, birdwatching, agritourism, ATV trails, ballooning, rock climbing, biking, hiking, skiing, boating and sailing, camping, canoeing, caving (spelunking), gardens, and arboretums. In 1868, a constitutional convention restored the state government of North Carolina. [14] It was the second American territory which the English attempted to colonize. The largest battle fought in North Carolina was at Bentonville, which was a futile attempt by Confederate General Joseph Johnston to slow Union General William Tecumseh Sherman's advance through the Carolinas in the spring of 1865. Money line (ML) North Carolina is a solid fade candidate in this contest. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. In 1865, Durham County saw the largest single surrender of Confederate soldiers when Joseph E. Johnston surrendered the Army of Tennessee and all remaining Confederate forces still active in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, totalling 89,270 soldiers. This eastern region retains some of the flavour of colonial life, while … Succeeding peoples, including those of the South Appalachian Mississippian culture, established by 1000 AD in the Piedmont and mountain region, continued to build this style of mounds. The Outer Banks is a 320km long string of narrow and sandy (some tree-covered) barrier islands, that line most … Elementary and secondary public schools are overseen by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Approximately 15,000 North Carolinians from across the state enlisted in the Union Army and fought for the North in the war. North Carolina at Miami: Odds, betting lines, predictions and picks Prediction. These influences tend to cause warmer winter temperatures along the coast, where temperatures only occasionally drop below the freezing point at night. Around 125,000 troops from North Carolina served in the Confederate Army, and about 15,000 North Carolina troops served in Union Army regiments, with many other men leaving the state to join Union regiments elsewhere. North Carolina’s 4-under total for the final 18 holes was the second-best total of the day behind only Stanford’s 8-under performance. Now decommissioned, she is part of the USS North Carolina Battleship Memorial in Wilmington. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in North Carolina Mountains, North Carolina on Tripadvisor: See 202,345 traveller reviews and photos of North Carolina Mountains tourist attractions. Musicians such as the North Carolina Ramblers helped solidify the sound of country music in the late 1920s, while the influential bluegrass musician Doc Watson also hailed from North Carolina. There are strong regional differences and rivalries over the sauces and methods used in making the barbecue. Although the British troops held the field at the end of the battle, their casualties at the hands of the numerically superior Continental Army were crippling. The Panthers and Hurricanes are the only two major professional sports teams that have the same geographical designation while playing in different metropolitan areas. The Wilmington Star-News, established 1867, is the oldest continuously running newspaper. In 1896 a biracial, Populist-Republican Fusionist coalition gained the governor's office and passed laws that would extend the voting franchise to blacks and poor whites. North Carolina has large grazing areas for beef and dairy cattle. North Carolina has a growing passenger rail system with Amtrak serving most major cities. North Carolina was inhabited for at least ten thousand years by succeeding prehistoric indigenous cultures. For the song of the same name, see, Map of the United States with North Carolina highlighted, Native Americans, lost colony, and permanent settlement, Reconstruction era through late 19th century, Largest cities or towns in North Carolina. [59][60], North Carolina averages fewer than 20 tornadoes per year, many of them produced by hurricanes or tropical storms along the coastal plain. Large towns and cities remained in few numbers. 21. The UVA defense the Tar … The Piedmont region of central North Carolina is the state's most populous region, containing the six largest cities in the state by population. The coastal plain averages around 1 inch (2.5 cm) of snow or ice annually, and in many years, there may be no snow or ice at all. The Hurricanes are the only major professional team from North Carolina to have won a league championship, having captured the Stanley Cup in 2006. Most of the soldiers fighting for the British side in this battle were Carolinians who had remained loyal to the Crown (they were called "Tories" or Loyalists). The latter had grown rapidly and land was less available. He returned by a different route to Santa Elena on Parris Island, South Carolina, then a center of Spanish Florida. In 1712, North Carolina became a separate colony. Prior to this time people fenced in their crops and had their livestock feeding on the free range areas. During colonial times, Edenton served as the state capital beginning in 1722, and New Bern was selected as the capital in 1766. [57], The Atlantic Ocean exerts less influence on the climate of the Piedmont region, which has hotter summers and colder winters than along the coast, though the average daily maximum is still below 90 °F (32 °C) in most locations. The ACC Championship Game and the Duke's Mayo Bowl are held annually in Charlotte's Bank of America Stadium, featuring teams from the ACC and the Southeastern Conference. As described by anthropologist Robbie Ethridge, the Mississippian shatter zone was an area of great instability, in what is now the American South, caused by the instability of Mississippian chiefdoms, high mortality from new Eurasian diseases, construction of a global capitalistic economy based on trading of Native American slaves, and the emergence of Native "militaristic slaving societies".[11]. Females in North Carolina lived an average of 80.2 years compared to the national average of 81.5 years. Also, see the North Carolina Music Hall of Fame. North Carolina. 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